Developing for Multiple Dexterity Versions and a warning

David Meego - Click for blog homepageThis is a reposting of an article I originally wrote on my Developing for Dynamics GP blog.

I recently came across a situation recently that highlighted the importance of using the correct best practice when developing Dexterity applications for multiple versions at the same time.

While working on the Support Debugging Tool build 17, which included the update for Microsoft Dynamics GP 2013, I came across an issue where the SDT code for GP 10.0 and GP 2010 became corrupted. The result of the corruption was that the local buttons on the Dexterity forms lost their captions and images, and opening the corrupted windows could cause Dynamics GP to crash.


To understand how the corruption occurred you need to understand the incorrect development practice I was using. To develop the same code across three versions of Dynamics GP, I have three development environments set up (one for each version). I would develop the code changes in the latest Dynamics GP version and then export the updated and new resources from the dictionary and import the files into the older versions. To handle features only available in later versions, I would use the #if and #end if precompiler directives which allow conditional compilation of code based on the version number stored in a constant.

This method has worked for developing the Support Debugging Tool development since version 8.0. However, even though the method has worked in the past, it is not best practice and no longer works.


After some research, I found that there has been a subtle change to the format of the exported file for form resources. The way that images attached to Pushbutton and Visual Switch local fields are defined in the file has changed. The Image Type for the fields used to be defined as “Mixed” with the type being based on whether the Static Items of PictItem (for Pictures) or ImageItem (for Native Pictures). In Dexterity 12.0, it uses “Picture” and “Native Picture” respectively.

Without going into more detail, the bottom line is that changes to the file formats can be made in later versions of Dexterity to fix bugs or support new features and that the later versions of Dexterity can always read the older formats, but the older versions of Dexterity might not be able to read the newer formats. This approach will always allow Dexterity applications to be upgraded using Source Code Control.


So, the lesson I learned, when developing the same code for multiple versions at the same time, Best Practice is to develop in the oldest version and export the files and roll the code forward by importing into the later versions. This does make it harder to develop code that leverages features only available in the later versions, but does avoid the corruption issues which can occur when trying to roll code back versions rather than rolling forward.


To fix my SDT code, I exported all the forms from the GP 2013 dictionary and then used a series of find and replaces (see below) using Notepad.exe, then imported the adjusted file into the older development environments.

  • Find “Picture” Replace “Mixed”
  • Find “Native Picture” Replace “Mixed”
  • Find ListView change back to Picture
  • Find TreeView change back to Picture
  • Find VisualSwitch change back to Picture if Static Items are PictItem
  • Find VisualSwitch change back to Native Picture if Static Items are ImageItem


Hopefully, you can learn from my mistake here.


This article was originally posted on the Developing for Dynamics GP Blog and has been reposted on

2 thoughts on “Developing for Multiple Dexterity Versions and a warning

  1. Sad to say I also tripped up over this.  Wish I had read it before it happened, as the problem/error/diagnosis is not obvious.  All good now though and thanks for the heads up David.


Please post feedback or comments

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.